The Beech is a heavy wood, it si not differentiated, of rosy color and with visible rays in all the sections with a characteristic appearance. The texture is fine and the grain is generally straight.

Sometimes the central part of the stems has a darker area known as the ‘red heart’; it is a false heartwood.

Technological properties

The Beech is characterized by a semi-hard wood, very resistant to bending and rigid. This wood is characterized by strong shrinkage and low dimensional stability.

All processes are easily performed, including shearing and peeling. It is often subjected to the vaporization treatment, from which one obtains what is commercially defined as “Vaporized Beech” which has the characteristic homogeneous rosy color.

It is not a wood durable to mushroom and is not resistant to insect attacks, but is easily permeable to preservative treatments.


Beech is the classic woodworking wood, used for the production of furniture, handicrafts, small household items, brush handles, rifle butts, floor lists, sports and agricultural tools. Solid and laminated furniture. Plywood, chipboard, MDF; musical instruments; typical use in steam-curved pieces (Thonet method). The multilayer of this wood species is particularly appreciated for its mechanical properties.

Typical Defects

Helical buckling; internal tensions, tendency to crack and deform. False red heart due to chromogenic attacks.

Technical details of the Beech wood

Family European Hardwood Family
Scientific name Fagus sy/vatica L.
Other names Buche (D); Haya (E); Hetre (F); Beech (GB)
Geographic origin Apennines and in central Europe in pure or mixed forests of the mountain area. High import from the Baltic countries and the east
Specific weight Medium Fresh 1050 kg/m3
Dried 730 kg/m3
Sawing Easy
Drying Easy
Planing Slow due to the tendency to deform
Glueing Easy
Nailing and screwing Easy