European elm

The European elm is a semi-heavy wood, with whitish sapwood and well-differentiated heartwood, of dark brown color tending to purple, with evident veins and peculiar characteristics that give it a refined aesthetic value. The color is very variable according to the origin of the trees. Medium or coarse texture.

Usually straight fiber, although in some trunks it can be braided. The Fresh wood is characterized by an unpleasant odor.

Technological properties

The elm is characterized by a medium hard wood characterized by a high amount of shrinkage and a lack of dimensional stability.

Resistant to bending and yielding, it works easily if the grain is straight. The figured drums are intended for blanking.

It is not very resistent to mushrooms and not resistant to attack by wood-boring insects.


Due to the evident grain and the highly appreciated color, combined with the good technical characteristics, it is widely used for objects and fine furniture, furniture, floors, sculptures and veneers; due to its good resistance when immersed in water it has been used for hydraulic constructions and submerged support poles.

Typical defects

Cracking and gluing.

Technical details of the national elm

Family European Hardwood Family
Scientific name Ulmus montana Stokes, U. minor Mill
Other names Orme (F); Elm (GB); Ulme (D); Olmo (E)
Geographic origin Mixed broad-leaved woods of the European hill and mountain range
Specific weight Medium Fresh 670 kg/m3
Dried 580 kg/m3
Sawing Easy
Drying Easy
Planing Easy
Glueing Easy
Nailing and screwing Easy

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